The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international thirteen-year project that began on October 1990. The Human Genome Project , or HGP for short, was started at the end of the last century. The near completion of the Human Genome Project stands as a remarkable achievement, with enormous implications for both science and society. The discovery of genes responsible for human diseases has had a significant impact on the practice of medicine. Our DNA is made of four chemical bases; human â¦ Already, genomic medicine is making an impact in the fields of oncology, pharmacology, rare and undiagnosed diseases, and infectious disease. Background. It is important because it uses information from DNA to develop new ways to treat, cure, or even prevent the thousands of diseases that afflict humankind. The estimated length of our genome is 3 × 10 9 nucleotide pairs and contains approximately 70000 to 100000 genes and a large amount of extragenic DNA. There are dozens of HGP-like projects which involve from a few tens to several million genomes currently in progress, which vary from having specialized goals or a more general approach. The recent publication of two draft sequences of the human genome is undoubtedly a landmark achievement in the history of mankind. Before the 1998â2003 plan, the Human Genome Project's scientific goals mostly addressed genome mapping, technology development, and work to characterize the â¦ Genomic medicine really started with The Human Genome Project, which set out to map all the genes in the human genome. The completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP) in 2001 opened the floodgates to a deeper understanding of medicine. Frequently portrayed as a competition between a public â¦ The possibilities for it to have an impact on situations whose cause was previously a mystery are fabulous. Weâll discuss its most relevant applications up to the present: Background: The Human Genome Project is a coordinated effort to define the human genetic blueprint. For scientists, it is the first step in a complex process that will lead to important advances in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. The sequences were assembled by the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium 1 and Celera Genomics 2 and are approximately 90% complete for the euchromatic chromosomal regions. The goals include construction of a variety of maps of the human genome, including the identification and localization of all genes. The human genome project and medicine The genetic information in an organism is called its genome . In the world of medicine, the Human Genome Project is big news. The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international project to map, clone and determine the nucleotide sequence of the entire human genome. In April 2003, the Human Genome Project announced that it had sequenced around 20,000 genes of those that make up the blueprint of our bodies. Medical applications of the Human Genome Project.